Rococo Vs Baroque

Rococo Vs Baroque

The Baroque and Rococo art movements both originated in Europe and share many characteristics. Both are known for their ornate decorations and meticulous attention to detail.

By the 17th and 18th centuries, the Baroque movement had spread throughout Europe, beginning in Rome in the early 1600s. During the early 18th century, Rococo art dominated the French art scene. Because scientific and philosophical breakthroughs increased during the Neoclassical period, most portraits in the Baroque and Rococo styles concentrated on elucidating political truths, as well as various facets of society and culture of the time.


Rococo and Baroque compared

The difference between Rococo and Baroque

The noble residences, kingdoms, and cathedrals were the primary targets of the Baroque and Rococo styles. The main distinction between the baroque and the rococo styles is that the rococo style generated more delicate and feminine art than the baroque.

In France, the Baroque and Rococo periods were adjacent aesthetic periods that housed two completely different sensibilities: the first (Baroque) was heavy-handed and aggressive, while the second (Rococo) represented lightness and playfulness with lavish embellishment.

The artistic/decorative movements were profoundly influenced by differences in temperament between the two ages. While the Baroque era spanned the whole 17th century, the Rococo style lasted only a few years, roughly from the 1730s to the 1760s (during the reign of Louis XV). The distinctions between the two can be summed up as mood (age-related sensation), function, and manner.

What does the word Barraco mean?

The term Baroque is thought to have Latin roots, and it means "rough or imperfect pearl." This term is used informally to describe something that is thorough and sophisticated.

This phrase was first used to describe arts in Italy in the 15th century, specifically from 1595 to 1750. It is thought that this style of painting arose as a reaction by Catholic artists to the newly emerging Protestant movement. Despite the fact that the movement began in Italy, it quickly expanded throughout Europe. Baroque art is generally associated with depictions of brutality and darkness.


The similarities between Baroque and Rococo

In contrast to the Baroque, which began in Italy and spread throughout Europe, the Rococo style began in France. The Rococo was an expression of art and the inside, rather than outside architecture, as the Baroque was. Church interiors were frequently decorated in the Baroque style.

The Rococo is a less well-known style. The Baroque favored formality and ritual, but Louis XV's society, and the Rococo attitude that accompanied it, favored comfort, warmth, solitude, and informality. The Baroque aesthetic was generally solemn and solemn; the Rococo aesthetic, on the other hand, exuded frivolity, elegance, and fantasy.

The Rococo was a gentler force that tended towards ubiquitous gold, white, and pastels; the Baroque was a bold, contrasting force; the Baroque was a bold, contrasting force; the Rococo was a gentler force that inclined towards ubiquitous gold, white, and pastels. Interior design in both styles included artificial light and the use of mirrors, while the Baroque emphasized striking contrasts through the use of highlighting and shadow. Purposeful lighting was also evident in Rococo style, but it was used to create a cozy atmosphere—sometimes through French windows (tall narrow windows that also functioned as doors) draped in tasseled curtains and artificial light sources inherited from the Baroque in the form of candlesticks, wall brackets, candelabra, and chandeliers.

Interiors were frequently decorated with mirrors in the Rococo, but they grew larger in scale and were utilized more extensively—the Galarie de Glaces, or Hall of Mirrors, at Versailles Palace is a good example of employing mirrors in the Rococo style, despite the Palace itself being a Baroque expression.

What came first Baroque or Rococo?

Though Rococo art began around 100 years after Baroque art (during a period when Baroque art was less popular but still existent), the two styles' traits frequently overlap.

Baroque Style

The visual arts, as well as building design and construction, were produced during the Baroque era in Western art history, which roughly corresponds to the 17th century. The earliest expressions of Baroque originate from the latter decades of the 16th century in Italy, although certain climactic triumphs of Baroque did not emerge until the 18th century in some locations, especially Germany and colonial South America.

The Baroque period's work is stylistically complicated, even contradictory. The aim to elicit emotional states by appealing to the senses, typically in dramatic ways, underpins its manifestations in general. Grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, vigor, movement, tension, emotional exuberance, and a tendency to obliterate differences between the many arts are some of the attributes most usually associated with the Baroque.


What was baroque art influenced by?

Architecture, painting, and sculpture were to work together to create a coherent impression, strongly influenced by the views of the Jesuits (the Baroque is frequently referred to as 'the Jesuit Style'). The arrival in Rome of Annibale Carracci and Carravaggio in the 1590s provided the initial push (1571-1610).

Their presence prompted a renewed interest in realism as well as antique forms, which Alessandro Algardi (in sculpture) and Bernini took up and developed (in sculpture) (in sculpture and architecture). Although Rembrandt and other Dutch artists were influenced by both Caravaggism and Bernini, Peter Paul Rubens, who remained in Rome until 1608, was the only major Catholic painter in the Baroque style.


Major characteristics of baroque art

Grandeur, drama, and contrast (particularly in lighting), curvaceousness, and a bewildering assortment of rich surface treatments, twisting components, and gilded statuary are all common characteristics.

Architects used bold colors and deceptive, brilliantly painted ceilings with abandon. Grandeur, sensuous richness, drama, dynamism, movement, tension, emotional exuberance, and a tendency to obliterate differences between the many arts are some of the attributes most usually associated with the Baroque.

Examples of baroque art

  • Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez
  • The Calling of St Matthew by Caravaggio
  • The Surrender of Breda by Diego Velázquez
  • The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp by Rembrandt

Rococo Style

Rococo is a style of interior design, decorative arts, painting, architecture, and sculpture that started in Paris in the early eighteenth century and spread quickly throughout France and then to other nations, primarily Germany and Austria. Lightness, elegance, and enthusiastic use of curved natural shapes in decoration distinguish it.

The term Rococo comes from the French word rocaille, which refers to the shell-covered rock work used to embellish artificial grottoes. At its inception, the Rococo style was a reaction to Louis XIV's Palace of Versailles' ponderous design and the official Baroque art of his reign. For the new noble mansions in Paris, several interior designers, artists, and engravers, including Pierre Le Pautre, J.-A. Meissonier, Jean Berain, and Nicolas Pineau created a lighter and more intimate style of décor.

The Rococo style featured intricate interlacings of curves and counter curves based on the fundamental shapes of the "C" and "S," as well as shell forms and other natural shapes, on walls, ceilings, and moldings. The rule was asymmetrical design. The primary colors were light pastels, ivory white, and gold, and Rococo decorators frequently employed mirrors to accentuate the sensation of open space.

What does the word Rococo mean?

The word Rococo comes from the Latin word rococo, which means shell. Many artists argue that this term refers to decorative motives inspired by items such as seashells, coral, and greenery. This style of painting first appeared in France in the 1720s, notably at the conclusion of Louis XIV's reign (d.1715), and quickly spread throughout Europe.

This style of art is likewise said to have originated during the Baroque movement's last stages. The Rococo style is thought to be a reaction against the boring and gloomy Baroque designs of France's royal courts in Versailles.

The Rococo style of art is known for its beautiful refinement, which includes the use of various materials such as shells to give art a delicate touch. Rococo art was known for its light-hearted feminine and unusual style-less concentration because of its delicate touch.


What is the other name for Rococo style?

Less commonly Roccoco or Late Baroque. It was known as the "style Rocaille", or "Rocaille style".

What are the key elements of Rococo?

Extensive ornamentation, asymmetrical values, a pastel color palette, and bent or serpentine lines are all hallmarks of the Rococo style. Love, ancient myths, youth, and fun are common motifs in Rococo painting.

Baroque and Rococo artists

  • Jean-HonorĂ© Fragonard
  • Jean-Antoine Watteau
  • Francisco Goya
  • François Boucher
  • Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
  • Élisabeth VigĂ©e Le Brun
  • Jean-Baptiste-SimĂ©on Chardin
  • Thomas Gainsborough
  • JosĂ© Campeche
  • Rosalba Carriera
  • AdĂ©laĂŻde Labille-Guiard
  • Jean-Marc Nattier
  • Jean-Baptiste Oudry
  • Alexander Roslin
  • Nicolas de Largillière
  • Alessandro Magnasco
  • Jean François de Troy
  • Corrado Giaquinto
  • Marguerite GĂ©rard
  • Giuseppe Bonito
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