Giorgio De Chirico Famous Artworks
Who is Giorgio de Chirico?
Giorgio de Chirico was an artist and author who founded the Scuola metafisica style which significantly influenced the surrealist movement.
Giorgio de Chirico Famous Paintings:
- The Song of Love by Giorgio De Chirico
- The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon by Giorgio De Chirico
- Metaphysical Interior with Biscuits by Giorgio De Chirico
- The Melancholy of Departure by Giorgio De Chirico
- Piazza d'Italia by Giorgio De Chirico
- The Red Tower by Giorgio De Chirico
- The Child's Brain by Giorgio De Chirico
- The Uncertainty of the Poet by Giorgio De Chirico
- Mystery and Melancholy of a Street by Giorgio De Chirico
- The Disquieting Muses by Giorgio De Chirico
This painting was composted in a surrealist style before the surrealism movement was was "founded" by André Breton.
In The Song of Love, de Chirico fills the canvas with the head of a traditional Greek statue. The painting gives off the impression of being broken. The large elastic glove provides a mysterious element. The green ball and train proceed to add various layers. The arches resemble those found in Turin, a city in Italy.
The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon is the first painting in de Chirico's Metaphysical Town Square series.
The enigma of the Hour is an analogy of the Nietzschean and Schopenhauerian idea of time generalized in building structures.
While painting The Enigma of the Oracle and The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon, de Chirico understood that he could create structures in his paintings that would evoke 'enigma' sensations in the observer.
Metaphysical Interior with Biscuits by Giorgio De Chirico
Metaphysical Interior with Biscuits delineates a room that is cluttered with various items. These items were arranged in a dreamlike state.
The fundamental focal point of this work of art is a board on which a few biscuits are mounted in an abstract style face, giving the composition a dynamic feeling. Behind the board is a picture of a building scene.
The Melancholy of Departure by Giorgio De Chirico
This painting was created after de Chirico returned to Italy from Paris to join the Italian Army in World War I. During this time de Chirico was moving away from his brilliant open scene works of the past.
This composition portrays an arbitrary bunch of items used in making a painting and an upside-down easel that holds up a triangular map. The map demonstrates a channel between two landmasses.
Inside the painting, two male figures are seen towards the foundation of the Italian square, however, their bodies are downsized in contrast with the huge statue.
De Chirico remarked that
“every object has two appearances: one, the current one, which we nearly always see and which is seen by people in general; the other, a spectral or metaphysical appearance beheld only by some individuals in moments of clairvoyance and metaphysical abstraction, as in the case of certain bodies concealed by substances impenetrable by sunlight yet discernible, for instance, by x-ray or other powerful artificial means.”
The painting depicts a nude man with a book on a table in front of him.
André Breton, who purchased the work of art said the composition had such an impact on him that is caused him to get off the bus when he saw the painting hanging in an exhibition window.
The Uncertainty of the Poet by Giorgio De Chirico
The Uncertainty of the Poet is based on ancient Greek or Roman sculptures. De Chirico thought that art was not based on copying nature, rather based on "dimensions, lines, and forms of eternity and the infinite".
He wrote in manuscripts of the period:
"There is nothing like the enigma of the Arcade - which the Romans invented. A street, an arch: the sun looks different when it bathes a Roman wall in light. And there is something about it more mysteriously plaintive than in French architecture, and less ferocious too. The Roman Arcade is a fatality. Its voice speaks in riddles filled with a strangely Roman poetry, of shadows on old walls and a curious music."
(Il Meccanismo del Pensiero, Turin, 1985)
The painting depicts two figures: a small young lady running with a loop and a shadow of a statue which is seen at the top of the painting.
Giorgio de Chirico's painting The Disquieting Muses was painted when he was living in Ferrara.
Castello Estense was a large castle incorporated into the background of this painting and a focal point of the city that he lived in.
What is Giorgio de Chirico Metaphysical art?
Metaphysical art is the interpretation of the Italian Pittura Metafisica, a movement created by Giorgio de Chirico and the futurist, Carlo Carra, in the north Italian city of Ferrara.
Giorgio de Chirico Collection Of Paintings
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