Famous Baroque Artist (Great Painters)
Baroque art dates back from the 17th century until the mid-18th century. You can recognize the best paintings by their contrast, deep color, and exhilarating detail. Also, the artists captured the action and drama of a specific moment.
Here are the best Baroque artist and their artworks.
After training as a painter, Caravaggio spent most of his life as an artist. He's celebrated for the use of the Tenebrism technique in religious painting. The Italian baroque painter used human emotion.
His paintings are criticized for their color and shadows to create a dramatic effect. He also positioned his character in a shadowy and indistinct setting - this had a formative effect on baroque painting.
Caravaggio could also transfix the subjects in ways that showed torture, struggle, or even death.
Although he loved working on canvas, his art was awe-inspiring. This influenced renowned artists like Gian Lorenzo, Peter Paul Rubens, and Jusepe de Ribera.
Some of his popular artworks include Amor Vincit Omnia, Bacchus, Medusa, the taking of Christ, and the Calling of St. Matthew.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Lorenzo was an Italian artist and a renowned figure in the world of architecture. During his time, he was accredited for creating baroque sculptures. Gian attempted to capture the movement of humans from all angles.
At one time, he was admired by powerful patrons of his century. One of his masterpieces is the Ecstasy of Saint Teresa. The unique composition portrays Bernini as a successful stage designer.
Also, the fusion of painting and architecture is further intensified by the use of colorful marbles. Bernini is also known for the Saint Peter's sculpture. He uses natural light to create a divine setting.
The oval shape represents the mother church extending arms to embrace the faithful. Other popular works of Bernini include The Angle crown of Thorns, The Rape of Proserpina, The Four Rivers Mountain, and Charles I King of England.
Peter Paul Rubens
Paul Rubens was an iconic figure of the 17th century. His artwork used Flemish realism to produce a powerful and exorbitant style.
The two were popular in the baroque movement and promoted Counter-Reformation. Most of his works emphasized drama, color, and sexuality. Another critical aspect of Rubens's sculptures is uniquely representing females.
Today, the term Rubenesque describes voluptuous nudes. One important aspect of the artwork is using classical and Christian history. His art pieces give a glimpse of his concerns. In the early 1600s,
Rubens was an inspiration to many artists. His large studio was a popular hub for painters throughout Europe. But his success didn't come without challenges. At one time, his painting was under scrutiny by religious organizations.
The most important piece of art was the Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Lerma. This was a life-sized painting that featured the first minister of Spain. In one of his early works, Rubens showed his knowledge of classical sculptures.
The other painting was a Self-portrait with Isabella Brandt, the Elevation of the cross, the massacre of the innocents, and Prometheus Bound.
Velazquez was the painter for King Philip IV. He's celebrated for using portraiture and scene in his paintings. Of course, his precursor to realism and natural style is favored by many.
Although Velazquez was a famous artist in the 17th century, his popularity spread outside Spain in the 19th century. Since then, he's known as one of the most impressionist painters.
Some of the renowned personalities that have paid tribute to his work are Francis Bacon and Salvador Dali.
The masterpiece of Velazquez is known as the theology of painting. At only 18 years, he painted Vieja Friedo Huevos (woman frying eggs). His other artwork includes the Supper at Emmaus, the Triumph of Bacchus, the Surrender of Brenda, the portrait of Juan de Pareja, and a portrait of Innocent X.
Johannes Vermeer was a popular artist in the Baroque period. He specialized in domestic scenes of people in middle age. However, his genre was recognized as The Hague or Drift.
The 17th-century Dutch master became a universal icon in the Dutch Golden age. And because he was devoted to exploring the tender moments of everyday life, the environment epitomized the baroque genre.
Today the name Vermeer is referred to as the Mona Lisa of the North. His mastery of light gave an imitable glimpse into the lifestyle of the historical era.
Unfortunately, Vermeer was not wealthy at the time of his death and left his children in debt. Some of his works include Christ in the House of Martha and Mary, the Procures, the Officer and Laughing Girl, the View of the Delft, Woman in Blue reading a letter, and Girl with the pearl earring.
Rembrandt remains one of the greatest baroque artists of all time. His art emphasizes light and shade - this is distinguished by true-to-life beauty.
The shadows drawn on the subjects' eyes blur their facial expression. Long before he left school, Rembrandt wanted to be a painter.
He later moved to Amsterdam and became an independent painter. The baroque painter uses exceptional realism in his work. Throughout his career, he has worked in different genres for mythological and biblical scenes.
He's also known to capture the mood of his subjects. Being a self-portrait artist, Rembrandt collaborated with prominent families in Amsterdam. To assist him in the painting process, he used props, antiques, and weapons.
Some of his works include the Night Watch, the Abduction of Europa, Self-portrait with Beret, the Jewish bride, and Self-portrait with Saskia.
Annibale emerged as a respected artist in the 16th century. He remains an iconic figure in the transition between baroque and mannerist moments.
Before making a name as an artist, Carracci collaborated closely with Agostino and Ludovico. The duo established an academy that promoted the drawing of live models.
His works are emboldened by youthful socialist realism. Although he refused to take individual credit for his work, Carracci made Bologna a center of baroque printing.
The best art by Annibale includes the Butchers Shop, the Beaneater, Venus, River landscape, and Adonis and cupid. The baroque style flourished until the 17th century.
In painting, this style is characterized by drama, rich color, dark shadows, and intense light. The above artists produced masterful works that have stood the test of time.