What Is Decorative Art? The Importance Of Decorative Arts
In the field of visual arts, "decorative art" refers to the practice of making objects that are intended for both aesthetic and practical utility.
Ceramics, textiles, furniture, glassware, metalwork, and jewelry are just a few of the many creative forms that can fall under this category.
Decorative art is meant to beautify functional items so that we can enjoy them more in our daily lives. Many diverse cultures and eras have produced works of decorative art.
Decorative art has intimate ties to various artistic disciplines, including architecture, graphic design, and fashion, and is frequently an influential source of ideas for these areas.
What Is decorative art?
The primary goal of decorative art is to improve the visual appeal of a given object. The phrase "decorative art" can be applied to more than just paintings and drawings; it can also describe architecture and sculpture.
Despite its long history, the Renaissance saw a flourishing of ornamental art, and the Victorian age saw a revival of this genre.
The history of decorative art
Humans have been making beautiful and practical artifacts since prehistoric times, which is when decorative art can be said to have begun. Cave paintings and carvings, for instance, frequently feature ornamental motifs and patterns, indicating an early human love for aesthetics.
Decorative art was vital in ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman culture, serving important religious and secular functions. Craftsmen produced elaborate ceramics, linens, and jewelry for use in worship and burial.
The Church and affluent benefactors frequently commissioned ornamental works of art from the Middle Ages, including illuminated manuscripts, tapestries, and metalwork.
As artists and craftspeople began to produce works that were both aesthetically pleasing and technically advanced, decorative art flourished during the Renaissance.
Artists like Benvenuto Cellini took metalwork to new heights during this time, producing works that were highly sought after by collectors due to their intricacy and ornateness.
Furniture, fabrics, and ceramics were all created to coordinate with one another and look beautiful in their surroundings throughout the 18th and 19th centuries thanks to the influence of decorative art.
The late 19th-century Arts and Crafts movement, which valued the work of skilled artisans and publicized the worth of handmade goods, had a significant impact on the decorative arts.
Furniture, ceramics, and other things were influenced by the Art Nouveau, Art Deco, and Bauhaus movements of the 20th century, among many others.
Nowadays, artists and designers use a broad variety of materials and techniques to create products that are both practical and aesthetically pleasing, proving that decorative art is as relevant as ever.
The difference between decorative and fine art
Functionality is the primary dividing line between decorative art and fine art. Fine art is made primarily for its aesthetic and intellectual value, with little to no attention given to its practical utility.
One of the goals of fine art, which is typically displayed in museums and galleries, is to: inspire emotion, challenge ideas, and represent the artist's particular vision. Media such as painting, sculpture, printing, and photography are all considered fine arts.
When artists create works of decorative art, they do it with the dual goal of improving their environment and bringing pleasure to others. Furniture, textiles, pottery, glassware, and metals are all examples of decorative art, which is typically created to complement or enhance an already existing interior or architectural environment.
While the aesthetic value and skill of a work of decorative art are certainly admirable, that value is secondary to the work's primary function. Value is another important distinction between decorative art and fine art.
The high prices of fine arts on the market can be attributed to the rarity and originality of the pieces. As a result of its more mass-produced nature and wider availability, decorative art is typically valued less highly by the art market.
In the end, the line between decorative and fine art is sometimes blurry, and certain pieces may function well in either category. However, their functions and purposes are what set them apart from one another.
The importance of decorative arts
Through the ages, decorative arts have served many purposes and held significant cultural meaning. Listed below are just a few of the many justifications for the value of decorative arts:
Reflecting cultural value
Decorative arts have served as an essential function in society by reflecting prevailing cultural norms and values.
Decorative art is important because it can help maintain and celebrate a culture's unique character by using patterns, motifs, and techniques that are exclusive to a certain time and place.
Promoting creativity and new ideas
Decorative arts have always been at the front of creative exploration, as artists and designers constantly push the boundaries of what is possible. This has aided in expanding the scope of the decorative arts and has influenced new aesthetic trends and practices.
The decorative arts have always been a viable career option for skilled workers. Decorative artists have bolstered local economies and provided a wide range of products by making aesthetic yet practical things.
Enriching everyday life
Throughout human history, decorative arts have served crucial functions, and they continue to do so in the present day. They allow for the expression of individuality, help us to feel more connected to our heritage, and provide beauty and delight to our daily lives.
What is the purpose of decorative art?
Decorative art is created to enhance the visual appeal of an object, location, or building, and it also serves a utilitarian purpose. The beauty, originality, and skillful construction of a piece of decorative art are all factors in its value.
Cultural norms and historical and social settings might be reflected in it as well. Decorative art's ultimate goal is to better people's quality of life by improving the visual environment they live in.
The history of decorative arts is vast and varied, touching on numerous civilizations and eras.
The decorative arts—which include visual arts like paintings and sculptures as well as functional arts like furniture and textiles—have historically fulfilled a number of roles, from reflecting cultural ideals to creating economic opportunities.
They have also been pioneers in the realm of artistic exploration and development, expanding the frontiers of what is considered feasible in the visual arts.
For their lasting influence on modern art and design as well as their historical relevance, decorative arts remain a vital medium of artistic expression.