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Characteristics Of Dadaism Art
Dawit Abeza
Characteristics Of Dadaism Art

Characteristics Of Dadaism Art

What was the Dada movement?

One of the main anti-war art movements. Dada movement was a rebellious act against the old way of life due to The First World War (1914-18). The movement began in Zurich.

Dada artist Hans Arp wrote in a letter describing the Dada movement:

Revolted by the butchery of the 1914 World War, we in Zurich devoted ourselves to the arts. While the guns rumbled in the distance, we sang, painted, made collages and wrote poems with all our might.

The point of the movement was to subvert the erroneous decision which had enabled the war to occur and continue.

Dada Art

What is Dada Art?

Dada art was a global art movement, with artists from Europe and North America. The inspiration for Dada art is a direct result of World War I. Dada's visual arts resembled abstract art in style and inspired other art movements such as Surrealism. Dadaists accepted that war divided people and they various arts.

What does Dada mean in art?

Dadaism or Dada was a type of artistic rebellion conceived out of the social and political times during 1910. Dada represented components of art, music, poetry, theater, and legislative issues. Dadaism in art was a style similar to Cubism or Fauvism; it was a progressive movement with a defiant declaration against war. The name Dada was begotten in Zurich. 

Dada Characteristics

  • Humorous
  • Creative Freedom
  • Not Rational
  • Reactive

When did the Dada movement start?

The Dada movement started in Zurich in the mid-1910s.

How did Dadaism develop?

Dada was a wartime movement, established amidst a global union of artists, driven to create a new standard of art. In spite of the fact that the Dada artists promoted themselves as being "hostile to art," the outcasts in Zurich were against conventional art and it's vaunted standards. The Dada artists endeavored to discover better approaches to make new art in new styles for the people. Being purposely hostile to the politics of art.

Dada and Surrealism

Dada and Surrealism were the two movements used to redefine art and how it should be represented in society. Paul Delvaux, Salvador Dali, and René Magritte painted in a surrealist fashion, utilizing their own unique techniques to represent art. All things considered, the two movements are similar in that art should be creative in essence. Dada's utilization of various items to create art was radical. Regardless of whether it is tossing bits of paper to create a composition by some 'coincidence' or gathering irregular words and reconvening them as poetry, Dada artists were anarchic in nature. 

Zurich Dada Movement

Who started the Zurich Dada movement?

One of the main activists behind the Zurich Dada movement was Tristan Tzara and Francis Picabia, who later moved to America. Together, Tzara and Picabia lectured to people on the role that art played in society and the visions they had for humanity. From 1917 to 1921, they delivered 8 issues in a Dada magazine, which was translated in German and French.

Who Founded Dada?

Hugo Ball

Hugo Ball

Who was Hugo Ball?

Hugo Ball was a German author, poet, and one of the founders of the Dada movement at Zurich in 1916. 

Purpose Of Dadaism

Dadaism primary focal point was for artists to create works that would overturn the middle-class norms about what an artist was; and their ideals about what art should be. Dada restricted the standards of elite-class culture. Dada artists are known for their utilization of regular items that could be created or purchased and introduced as art.

Dadaist Poetry 

In Section Eight of the Dada Manifesto, Tzara gives his guidelines for individuals to create their own unique Dadaist poems:

  • Get a newspaper.
  • Get a pair of scissors.
  • Choose an article that you plan to make your poem on.
  • Cut out the article.
  • Then cut out each of the words that make up the article and put them in a bag.
  • Shake it gently.
  • Then take out the scraps of words one after the other.
  • Make the poem be who you are using those cut out words.
  • Repeat the process until you have a full poem.

 

Dada Artists

 

Artworks And Artists Of Dada

Ici, C'est Stieglitz (Here, This is Stieglitz) by Francis Picabia

Ici, C'est Stieglitz (Here, This is Stieglitz)

Francis Picabia was a French artist who personified thoughts of Dadaism and characterized himself as a dadaist. He worked with Alfred Stieglitz, who gave him his opportunity to have his own showcase in New York City. 

 

Rayograph by Man Ray

Rayograph by Man Ray

Man Ray was an American artist who worked in France. He created rayographs, which are photos made by setting objects on photosensitive paper and presenting light to them. His works where a collection of weird items mixed up together. After observing his works, Tzara called his works "unadulterated Dada manifestations".

 

Cut with a Kitchen Knife Dada through the Last Weimar Beer Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany by Hannah Höch 

Cut with a Kitchen Knife Dada through the Last Weimar Beer Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany by Hannah Höch

Hannah Höch is known for her composition montages and photomontages created using various types of papers and magazine clippings. Hoch audaciously characterized German culture in her works by cutting apart its symbols and rearranging it into an enthusiastic portrayal of everyday life of germans.

 

Reciting the Sound Poem "Karawane" by Hugo Ball

Reciting the Sound Poem "Karawane" by Hugo Ball

Hugo Ball wore this outfit for his exhibition of the sound-ballad, "Karawane," in which strange syllables expressed meaning; yet it was in an unknown language. Ball describes his outfit: "My legs were in a chamber of sparkling blue cardboard, which came up to my hips with the goal that I resembled a pillar. Over it, I wore an enormous coat cut out of cardboard, red inside, and gold outside. It was attached to the neck so that I could give the impression of wing-like development by raising and bringing down my elbows. I likewise wore a high, blue-and-white-striped witch specialist's cap."

 

Understanding Dadaism

 

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