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What are the basic elements of art?
Dawit Abeza
What are the basic elements of art?

What are the basic elements of art?

The subject matter, media, techniques, and design concepts are among the most essential elements of art.

When we examine a work of art, one of the first things we look for is the subject matter. In reality, the most common initial question is, "What is the work about?" or "What is the subject?"

In Architecture

The function of the structure is the subject of architecture. Religious, commemorative, residential, civic, and commercial buildings have been the most common in the past.

The oldest remaining structures appear to be religious and memorial constructions.

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In Visual Arts

The subject matter has traditionally referred to the specific faces, locations, occurrences, or objects that the artist has utilized as inspiration in the "Visual arts" such as painting and sculpture. Certain types of subjects have long piqued the curiosity of western artists.

The most common sources of subjects have been religious themes, historical events, and mythology. Portraiture, landscape and seascape, still-life, and genre are some of the other prominent topic genres (the everyday activities of ordinary people). There are numerous potential themes within each category.

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Different Mediums

The different materials that an artist can utilize to give substance to his or her ideas and subjects are referred to as media. Each form of art has its own set of mediums. The artist's choice of materials has a significant impact on the final work's aesthetic and tactile aspects.

In Architecture

Mud-and-thatch, sun-dried brick, fired brick, wood, stone, concrete, iron, steel, and glass have all been used in architecture.

Stone and burnt brick were the most lasting materials and were regarded as the most prestigious media for construction before the invention of concrete. The most important structures were generally made of valuable materials.

In Painting

Painting can be done in a variety of ways, but it all starts with a powdered pigment binder (color). It's the distinction between different types of paint in terms of binding agents. In the history of western art, the most prominent painting media are:

1. Acrylic pigment in a polymer resin made of acrylic.

2. Pigment encaustic with beeswax and resin.

3. Water-soluble fresco pigment put to a lime plant.

4. Pigments suspended in linseed or walnut oil.

5. Pastels that have been glued together with grease, oil, or water.

6. Tempera is a color, egg yolk, and water emulsion.

7. Watercolor pigment in gum arabic or glue suspension.

Because of their comparable structure and usage, several drawing and printing media could be added to this list.

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In sculpture

The sculpture has worked with a variety of media. Sculptors' techniques and procedures have been heavily influenced by the physical qualities of these materials.

Wood, bone, ivory, and stone, among other nonpliable materials, are frequently carved in some way. In most cases, the sculptor will model or cast work in "Plastic." "Clay, wax and molten metal are examples of (pliable) mediums.

Techniques

The methods, attitudes, and talents employed in the creation of artworks are referred to as techniques.

Construction methods are another term for architectural procedures. Two key construction concepts or methodologies emerged from his toricism.

The first is based on the post-and-lintel concept, while the second is based on the arch.

1. The trabeated or post-and-lintel technique of construction is still the most frequent form of construction. The use of (or walls) to support horizontal lintels is essential (beams).

2. The arch or arcuated system of construction was created to address the post-and-lintel system's strength limitations. The genuine arch is curved support with wedge-shaped stone or brick blocks framing the aperture.

By transmitting the gravitational load on the building down the sides of the arch to the foundation, the arch instead of the lintel relieves stress. When a weight is applied, wedge-shaped blocks lock the arch tightly together.

The arch idea can also be used to create ceiling and roof designs. Because of the basic principle of a curved superstructure attached to vertical walls or supports, various varieties of vaults and domes are possible.

3 the corbeled arch is a unique version of the arch concept that is frequently used to bridge the gap between the simpler post-and-lintel arch and the more intricate real arch. Each gradually higher row, or "Course," of flat stones forms the corbeled arch "Extends further into the spanned aperture.

 

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